Insomnia: review, causes & treatment
insomnia symptoms

Insomnia: review, causes & treatment

sleep wake cycle

No matter what age you are, chronic insomnia can be a problem that is hard to deal with. It can affect your mood, mental health and more. But there are many things you can do to get a good night’s sleep! In this blog post, we will discuss how chronic insomnia affects the body and mind in order to better understand it so that people with chronic insomnia know what they’re up against when looking for ways to improve their sleep quality. We’ll also talk about some of the most effective treatments for chronic insomnia as well as some other helpful tips and tricks on how to get a good night’s sleep without taking any medication!

What is insomnia?

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that causes chronic trouble either falling asleep or staying asleep at night. If you have chronic insomnia, it can lead to other problems such as anxiety and depression, problems with memory and focus during the day, relationship issues as well as work-related stress. In order for doctors to diagnose chronic insomnia they must follow specific criteria, which are listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V).

Сhronic insomnia is a problem that lasts for at least one month and causes significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other areas of functioning.

Types of insomnia

The types of insomnia are not much different from each other, but they all have a connection with chronic insomnia.

Transient insomnia

  • Can last anywhere between one night to a few days. It is typically brought on by stress, illness or other specific events that cause sleep disturbances temporarily.

Short-term insomnia

  • This type of insomnia can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks and is often brought on by chronic stress, anxiety or other factors that cause sleep disturbances.

Chronic insomnia

  • Chronic insomnia is the most common type and can last for over a month and cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other areas of functioning.

Primary insomnia

  • People with chronic insomnia often have primary insomnia, which is when there is no specific underlying cause for the sleep problems. Secondary insomnia occurs when there is an underlying medical or psychological condition that leads to difficulty sleeping.

Co-morbid insomnia

  • Individuals who have chronic insomnia often also experience other sleep disorders such as narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome.

Сauses that can cause insomnia

sleep history

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that has many different causes. It can be brought on by chronic stress, depression and anxiety or it could just happen for no apparent reason. Sometimes insomnia can be caused by medication including some types of cancer medications, stimulants such as nicotine and caffeine, the use of certain illegal drugs and alcohol consumption before bedtime.

The main causes of insomnia include

  • chronic stress: chronic stress can prevent you from falling asleep and staying asleep throughout the night.
  • depression: people with depression often have trouble sleeping and this is one of the main symptoms of the disorder.
  • anxiety disorders: anxiety can lead to difficulty sleeping, restless nights and chronic insomnia.
  • medical conditions: chronic pain, heartburn, asthma, arthritis and Parkinson’s disease.

Rare causes of insomnia

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): is a chronic lung condition that makes it hard to breathe. Symptoms include shortness of breath, chronic cough with phlegm, and feeling tired. The main causes are smoking and other forms of air pollution.
  • Restless legs syndrome (RLS): is a chronic sleep disorder that can cause an intense desire to move the legs when at rest. Some people with RLS experience their symptoms when they are trying to fall asleep, which is called “sleep onset” or sleep-onset RLS (SORL). Other people experience symptoms of RLS only during the daytime, which is called “daytime RLS.”
  • Chronic pain: chronic pain is a state of chronic inflammation.
  • Menopause: Menopause is the stage in a woman’s life when menstruation stops.Menopausal women: Menopausal women may experience chronic insomnia, sleep medicine, and acute insomnia.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): Is a chronic condition that occurs when stomach acids back up into the esophagus.

Insomnia depending on age

mental health

Depending on the age, insomnia manifests itself in different ways, and is caused because of these reasons.

Insomnia for children

Children are more prone to insomnia, especially if they have chronic illness or some chronic pain conditions. Also the chronic stress they experience during the day can make them restless at night.

Insomnia for teenagers

Teens are not as likely to have chronic insomnia because their chronic stress experiences tend to be more short-term. They are also not as likely to experience chronic pain and chronic illness that can cause chronic stress.

Insomnia for young adults and middle-aged adults

The main causes of chronic insomnia in this age group include chronic illness, chronic pain and chronic stress. The main cause for acute insomnia is the use of stimulants such as nicotine or caffeine before bedtime.

Insomnia for the elderly

People in this age group are more likely to have chronic insomnia because of chronic pain, chronic illness and chronic stress. They are also more likely to take medications that can lead to difficulty sleeping.

Insomnia symptoms

There are a few common symptoms of insomnia. People who have chronic insomnia often report that they:

  • Have difficulty falling asleep: This is the most common symptom of chronic insomnia. People with chronic insomnia often find it difficult to fall asleep at night, and as a result they may wake up feeling exhausted.
  • Wake up frequently during the night: People with chronic insomnia often wake up multiple times during the night and have difficulty getting back to sleep.
  • Feel exhausted the next day: People with chronic insomnia often feel very tired and exhausted the next day, even if they’ve had enough sleep.
  • Have difficulty concentrating: People with chronic insomnia often have difficulty concentrating and focusing on tasks.
  • Feel irritable: People with chronic insomnia often feel very irritable and impatient.
  • Experience chronic anxiety: People with chronic insomnia often experience chronic anxiety, which can lead to difficulty concentrating on tasks and feeling irritable.

Insomnia diagnosis.

There is no special test for their diagnosis. Your doctor will join the hospital and ask questions to learn more about sleep problems and symptoms. An important information for making a diagnosis is to study the medical history with a doctor. Your doctor will check your medical history and the medications you are taking to determine if they affect your ability to sleep. Maori language:

  • Do a blood test: The doctor may ask you to do a blood test to treat diseases such as thyroid problems or low iron levels that may negatively affect.
  • Keep the risk: you may be asked to write down your sleep schedule for the week (going to bed, getting up in the afternoon, waking up before going to bed, caffeine consumption, etc.). This information can help identify the default provider settings or behavior that are interfering with others.
  • Learn how to get rid of unwanted attachment genes for love. If your doctor is concerned that they may be caused by a respiratory illness or sleep apnea, you may be sent away. You may have a sleep disorder or depression if you do research at home

Insomnia risk factors

There are a few things that can increase a person’s risk for developing chronic insomnia. These include:

  • Having difficulty sleeping in the past: If a person has had difficulty sleeping in the past, they are more likely to develop chronic insomnia.
  • Stressful life events: People who experience chronic stress are more likely to develop chronic insomnia.
  • Chronic pain: People who experience chronic pain are more likely to develop chronic insomnia.
  • Chronic illness: People who have chronic illnesses are more likely to develop chronic insomnia.
  • Age: Elderly people are more likely to develop chronic insomnia than younger people.
  • Use of stimulants: People who use stimulants such as caffeine or nicotine before bedtime are more likely to develop chronic insomnia.


Chronic insomnia can cause a number of complications, including:

  • Health problems: Chronic insomnia is often associated with other health issues. For example, people who have chronic pain are more likely to develop acute or chronic insomnia because the pain makes it difficult for them to sleep at night. People who have chronic illness may also experience changes in their sleep patterns.
  • Mental health problems: People who have insomnia are more likely to develop mental illnesses such as chronic anxiety or depression.
  • Increased risk of accidents and injuries at work: People who experience sleepiness due to their lack of sleep may be more likely to make mistakes that can lead to accidents or injuries on the job. They may also not perform as well as they should and may be passed over for a promotion or other opportunities.

Treatment of chronic insomnia

risk factors

There are many treatments available for chronic insomnia, including:

  • Behavioral therapies: Behavioral therapies involve making changes to your sleep habits and lifestyle in order to help you sleep better.
  • Medications: There are several medications available that can help improve sleep quality, such as sedatives, hypnotics, and antidepressants.
  • Alternative therapies: Alternative treatments such as acupuncture and herbal supplements may also help improve sleep quality.
  • Behavioral therapies: Behavioral therapies involve making changes to your sleep habits and lifestyle in order to help you sleep better.

Other treatments for chronic insomnia include acupuncture and sleep restriction therapy

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): This involves changing an individual’s thoughts, feelings, or behaviors to reduce the symptoms of a disorder such as chronic insomnia.
  • Stimulus control therapy: Stimulus control therapy is a type of CBT that helps people with insomnia fall asleep by encouraging them to only sleep in bed after they are drowsy, limit the time spent lying awake trying to go to sleep at night (sleep efficiency), and use their bed for sleeping purposes.
  • Sleep hygiene education: This is a type of CBT that teaches people about the importance of good sleep habits and how to create an environment that promotes better sleep.
  • Restricted time in bed (RBI): RBI involves setting a specific limit on the amount of time a person spends in bed each night, even if they are not sleeping.

Is it possible to prevent insomnia?

Yes, there are a few things people can do to help prevent chronic insomnia. These include:

  • Staying active: Exercise releases feel-good chemicals called endorphins that can improve sleep quality.
  • Managing stress: Stress management techniques such as yoga, meditation, and deep breathing can help reduce stress levels and promote better sleep.
  • Avoiding stimulants: Caffeine, alcohol, nicotine, and some over-the-counter medications can reduce sleep quality.
  • Keeping a regular sleep schedule: Going to bed at the same time every night helps promote better sleep each night. Staying up late or sleeping in on weekends may interfere with your body’s natural circadian rhythms and make it harder to sleep well on weekdays.

Frequently asked questions

Can insomnia go away?

Yes, many people are able to overcome chronic insomnia with the help of medication and/or behavioral therapies.

Is insomnia a serious condition?

Yes, chronic insomnia can lead to a number of health problems if left untreated. It is important to seek treatment if you are experiencing difficulty sleeping.

How many hours do insomniacs sleep?

There is no one answer to this question as everyone’s sleep needs vary. However, people with chronic insomnia often sleep for fewer hours than they need each night.


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